By Robert Preidt
TUESDAY, Oct. 19, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — China and america are tremendous powers of salt consumption.
The 2 world leaders emerged with the best salt ranges in processed meat and fish merchandise amongst 5 international locations assessed in a brand new examine.
Excessive salt ranges in meals is a serious explanation for high blood pressure and its associated dangers of heart and kidney ailments and dying. The World Well being Group recommends a most salt consumption of two,000 mg/day, however common world salt consumption in 2010 was about two instances greater.
The WHO has set a goal of a 30% world discount in salt consumption by 2025. Regardless that the 5 nations in this examine have methods to cut back salt consumption, the “sodium content material of meat and fish merchandise in all the chosen international locations was very excessive, with a 100 g serving dimension of meat and fish merchandise contributing to at least one half/ third of WHO beneficial most every day sodium consumption,” wrote Puhong Zhang, of the George Institute at Peking College Well being Science Heart, China, and colleagues.
Researchers examined meals nutrition labels of 26,500 merchandise in main grocery store chains in the international locations, zeroing in on salt content material.
Total salt ranges have been highest in China (1,050 mg/100 g), adopted by america, South Africa, Australia and the U.Ok. (432 mg/100 g), in accordance with the examine. The outcomes have been printed Oct. 18 in the net journal BMJ Open.
The examine additionally discovered extensive variations in salt ranges inside and between the 5 international locations, relying on merchandise and types.
For instance: common salt content material of meat merchandise was decrease in Australia (580 mg/100 g) than in the U.Ok. (590 mg/100 g). Salt content material of roast hen in China was 4.5 instances greater than in the U.Ok. (893 mg/100 g vs. 197 mg/100 g). Chilled fish in China was 4.5 instances saltier than in america however the salt content material of bacon, frozen meat, salami and cured meats, dried meat and frozen fish in China was the bottom of all 5 international locations.
Processed meat merchandise included: meat alternate options; bacon; canned meat; frozen meat; meat burgers; salami and cured meats; sausages and scorching canine; sliced meat; dried meat; pate and meat spreads; kebabs; “different” meat merchandise and uncooked flavored meats. Additionally included have been entire hams and related merchandise; roast hen; and uncooked unflavored meats.
Processed fish merchandise included canned, chilled, frozen and “different” objects.
“It’s not straightforward to easily change or reformulate the excessive sodium merchandise that exist already for years. Nonetheless, the massive distinction in sodium content material of comparable merchandise in totally different international locations, and the distinction in sodium content material amongst totally different manufacturers throughout the similar nation, point out that there’s nonetheless a whole lot of room for salt discount,” the researchers famous in a journal information launch.
The U.S. Meals and Drug Administration presents methods to regularly reduce salt intake.
SOURCE: BMJ Open, information launch, Oct. 18, 2021
China, U.S. Lead World in Saltiest Processed Meats, Fish Source link China, U.S. Lead World in Saltiest Processed Meats, Fish