Survivor of Esther BeharanoThose who used the power of music to combat anti-Semitism and racism in postwar Germany died at the age of 96.
Deutsche Presse dpa, according to Helga Obens, a board member of the Auschwitz Commission in Germany, said Beharano died peacefully at a Jewish hospital in Hamburg early Saturday. The cause of death was not revealed.
German Foreign Minister Mars paid tribute to Beharano and called her “an important voice in the fight against racism and anti-Semitism.”
Born in 1924 in Saarlouis under French occupation as the daughter of the Jewish choir Rudolf Ruwi, the family later moved to Saarbrücken, where Beharano enjoyed the musical, until the Nazis came to power and returned to Germany in 1935. I enjoyed the protected upbringing.
Her parents and sister Ruth were eventually deported and killed, but Beharano had to be forced into labor before being sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943. Jews have arrived from all over Europe.
Beharano would later say that music helped keep her alive in the infamous German Nazi death camp in occupied Poland, and in the years following the Holocaust.
“We played with tears in our eyes,” she recalled. In a 2010 interview with The Associated Press.. “The new arrivals waved and applauded, but knew they would be taken directly to the gas chamber.”
Since her grandmother was a Christian, Beharano was later transferred to the Ravensbrück concentration camp and survived the death march at the end of the war.
In his memoirs, Beharano recalled her rescue by the US military who gave the accordion. She played the day American soldiers and concentration camp survivors danced around a burning portrait of Adolf Hitler to celebrate the Allied victory over the Nazis.
Beharano emigrated to Israel after the war and married Nissim Beharano. The couple had two children, Edna and Joram, but returned to Germany in 1960. After encountering reopened anti-Semitism, Beharano decided to act politically and co-founded the Auschwitz Commission in 1986 to provide survivors with a platform for the story.
She worked with her children to perform Yiddish melodies and Jewish resistance songs in the Hamburg-based band Coincidence. He also worked with hip-hop group Microphone Mafia to spread the message of anti-racism to young Germans.
“We all love music and share a common goal. We are fighting racism and discrimination,” she told AP about cultural and cross-generational collaboration.
Beharano quoted Holocaust survivor Primo Levi as warning that “it happened and could happen again” in her work on what she called the “old and new Nazis.” In response, he has received numerous awards, including the German Medal of Merit.
“I’m not guilty of what happened at the time, but if I refuse to hear what happened, I’m guilty,” Bejarano said when talking to the youth and young people after that. say.
She also did not hesitate to criticize current German officials, such as when tax authorities revoked the status of the country’s largest anti-fascist charity. The decision was later canceled.
German President Frank Walter Steinmeier said in a letter of condolences to the children that Beharano “experienced the meaning of being discriminated against, persecuted and tortured” and described her educational activities. Praised.
“We suffered a great loss from her death,” he added. “She always has a place in our hearts.”
Esther Bejarano, who played in the Auschwitz orchestra and later used music to combat anti-Semitism and racism, died at the age of 96.
Source link Esther Bejarano, who played in the Auschwitz orchestra and later used music to combat anti-Semitism and racism, died at the age of 96.