Brussels — May be an important moment in global efforts to combat climate change, but Wednesday Europe Ambitious blueprint It plans to move away from fossil fuels over the next nine years, which could lead to global trade disputes.
The most radical and perhaps controversial proposal would be to impose tariffs on certain imports from countries with less stringent climate protection regulations.The· Suggestion It also includes eliminating sales of new gasoline and diesel vehicles and raising fossil fuel prices in just 14 years.
“The current fossil fuel economy has reached its limits,” European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said at a press conference in Brussels.
Through efforts promoted by the European Commission, the EU’s bureaucracy, the block proposals of 27 countries have become the world’s most aggressive and detailed plans to reach a carbon-neutral economy by 2050. We propose major changes over the years. To enforce this issue, Brussels has legally promised to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
Negotiations over the legislative package are about whether diverse countries with democratically elected leaders from the entire political spectrum can keep their economies away from fossil fuels and how they can cushion them. To get a glimpse of, it will be scrutinized far beyond Europe. Most affected.
European proposal, Environmental activist Raise the levels in the US and China, saying they are not yet advanced enough. President Biden said he hopes the United States will become a leader in climate change efforts.
White House officials said Wednesday afternoon that they were considering the Commission’s proposal and widely welcomed the idea of a carbon border tax. Parliamentary Democrats took steps to prepare for a similar tax on Wednesday. They call it the “polluter pays”, which is also aimed at reducing emissions.
The United States has promised to reduce emissions by 40-43% by 2030. Scientists say the world needs to halve its emissions by then, with the largest polluters in history, the United States and Europe, needing to make the sharpest and quickest cuts.
The UK, which hosts the International Climate Change Conference COP-26 in Glasgow in November, has promised a 68% reduction. China, currently the world’s largest carbon emitter, has only stated that it is aiming for emissions to peak by 2030, and should set more ambitious goals before Glasgow discusses them. There is pressure.
The· Detailed suggestions The European Union is just the beginning of a promise of difficult and hurt two-year negotiations between the industry, 27 countries and the European Parliament on how to achieve a 55% reduction.
But prior to the meeting in Glasgow, the proposal argues for global leadership in that it must be a multilateral effort to adequately reduce global emissions to avoid the worst effects of climate change. Represents the efforts of the European Union to do so.
“The EU policy package for stabilizing our climate is the most comprehensive to date,” said Ottmar Edenhofer, director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany. “Extreme weather around the world clearly demonstrates that strong action is now important if we want to limit costs and risks and ensure a safe future for everyone.”
In the center of Europe roadmap It is a carbon price increase. Almost every sector of the economy has to pay for the emissions it produces, affecting things like the cement used in construction and the fuel used in cruise ships. Proposed taxes on imports of goods outside the European Union can cause conflicts at the World Trade Organization in countries with less stringent climate policies.
It has geopolitical implications. For cross-border carbon tax proposals, Maximum impact on products According to data analyzed by the European Reform Center, from Russia and Turkey, mainly from iron, steel and aluminum. Analysis shows that the impact on US exports to Europe will be much smaller.
If the proposal is passed, the last petrol or diesel vehicles sold in the European Union by 2035 will be displayed. Require that by 2030, 38.5 percent of total energy come from renewable energies. Raise the price charged for carbon emissions to make fossil fuel use increasingly expensive. Financially support those who are most affected by potential price increases.
Carbon border taxes not only shake world trade and lead to controversy over protected trade principles, but can also create new diplomatic fault lines prior to the Glasgow negotiations.
This rally is an important moment to show what large polluted nations will do to address greenhouse gas emissions that have led the world on the path to dangerous warming. Today, all eyes are on the goals set by the United States and China, which are producing the largest share of greenhouse gases.
The European Union emits only about 8% of the world’s carbon emissions today, but it has one of the highest cumulative emissions in the world since the beginning of the industrial era. But as a huge market, we see itself as an important regulator of the world and want to set an example, invent new technologies that can be sold, and provide new global standards that could lead to a carbon-neutral economy. ..
“Europe was the first continent to declare climate neutral in 2050, and now we are the first continent to put a concrete roadmap on the table,” said Von der Leyen.
Some analysts said the carbon border tax imposes new tariffs on imports, but the proposal was not sufficient to help developing countries shift their economies from fossil fuels. Others have stated that the proposed tax on jet fuel applies only to flights within the European Union and is exempt from 60 percent of fuel sales.
“By not removing duty-free flights outside the EU, the majority can be off-hook,” said Andrew Murphy, aviation director of advocacy group Transport & Environment.
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Frans Timmermans, vice president of the Commission on the Environment and the European “Green Deal”, acknowledges the difficulty of the challenge. “We will ask many citizens,” he said. “We will also ask many industries, but we do it for good reason. We do it to give humanity a chance to fight.”
The EU target of 55% was raised from 40% by law in June, significantly from industry, lobbying groups, and some member states, especially poor Central Europe, which has traditionally relied on fossil fuels. Caused a repulsion. As a result, the Commission has attempted to incorporate industry-graded markers, such as 10 years of free carbon credits and millions of euros in financial assistance.
One of the key proposals announced Wednesday is a revision of the European carbon market known as emissions trading schemes. In this scheme, major carbon producers such as the steel, cement and electricity industries pay carbon emissions directly.
Hundreds of pages Proposed law The slogan, which the Commission calls “Fit for 55,” which some are joking about, seems to be suitable for yoga studios, but sharply before being detained by the block of 27 members. It will be discussed and inevitably corrected.
Poor people pay an unfair share of the cost of decarbonization, and more from populist parties and groups, like the 2018 “Yellow Vest” protest against climate-related, which is considered an elite project There are concerns that it will encourage political backlash. Rising gasoline prices in France.
This was a warning from Pascal Canfin, chairman of the French Parliament’s Environmental Commission, that expanding the carbon market to heating and fuel could cause protests. “We experienced it in France,” he said. “It gave us a yellow vest.”
However, the proposal also includes a social climate fund raised from these new taxes, providing up to € 70 billion (about $ 83 billion) to help the government help those most affected. There is likely to be.
The European Union is “the world’s first economies of scale that has begun to transform climate-neutral ambitions into real-world policy actions,” Talia Pietra said. “But if there is one principle that should guide negotiations over the next two years, this is certainly the principle of climate justice.”
“It is the responsibility of the Commission to prove that this leads to solidarity and impartiality in this transition,” said Timmermans.
He added: “If you can prove it, you will have less resistance. If you can’t prove it, you will have more resistance.”
Steven Erlanger reported from Brussels and Somini Sengupta from New York. Monica Proncuk Contributed to the report from Brussels, Jack Ewing Frankfurt, Jim Tankasley, Katie Rogers From Washington.
Europe has ambitious climate change plans, but obstacles are imminent
Source link Europe has ambitious climate change plans, but obstacles are imminent