Archaeologists have found the burned stays of an historic Hellenistic fortress in Israel that fell to Jewish rebels greater than 2,000 years in the past.
A guerrilla military known as the Hasmoneans, often known as the Maccabees, defeated and set hearth to the citadel throughout the revolt that’s commemorated by the Jewish competition of Hanukkah. Researchers not too long ago discovered the ruined stronghold at a website in the Lachshish Forest in the foothills of the Judean Mountains in southern Israel, representatives with the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), said in a statement.
The fort was destroyed round 112 B.C. — many years after the Hanukkah “miracle” passed off in Jerusalem — at a time when a Maccabee chief and Jewish excessive priest named Johanan (John) Hyrcanus was main the Hasmoneans in their ongoing wrestle for independence from the Seleucid Empire, IAA representatives stated.
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Positioned atop a tall hill, the fortress would have offered a strategic view of the principle highway and of close by Maresha, a bustling and vital capital metropolis throughout the Hellenistic interval. The constructing was probably “half of a fortified line erected by the Hellenistic military commanders” and was meant to guard Maresha towards Hasmonean assaults, in response to the assertion.
“Nevertheless, the finds from the positioning present that the Seleucid defenses have been unsuccessful,” IAA excavation administrators Saar Ganor, Vladik Lifshits and Ahinoam Montagu stated in the assertion. “The excavated constructing was badly burnt and devastated by the Hasmoneans.”
The fort’s perimeter measured about 50 toes (15 meters) in width and size, and the exterior stone partitions have been roughly 10 toes (3 m) broad and have been carved to slope outward, to foil climbers. On the within, the archaeologists uncovered seven rooms that have been roughly 6.6 toes (2 m) tall; a stairwell led to an higher degree that was not preserved, however when that flooring was intact the fort’s peak would have been about 16 toes (5 m), IAA representatives stated.
Underneath the rubble of the fort’s collapsed higher degree, the crew found lots of of artifacts. After clearing away 1000’s of stones, the archaeologists excavated iron weapons, slingshots, pottery and cash relationship to the second century B.C. Charred picket beams informed the scientists that the fort had been overwhelmed by army forces and burned by the victors, who have been probably Hasmoneans below Hyrcanus’ management.
The Hasmoneans started organizing their resistance towards the Seleucids following King Antiochus IV’s desecration of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 168 B.C., according to the Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art on the Metropolitan Museum of Artwork in New York Metropolis. The Maccabees (the phrase means “hammer” in Hebrew) finally reclaimed and rededicated the temple, however may discover solely sufficient ceremonial oil to mild the temple’s new menorah for in the future. In accordance with the so-called miracle of Hanukkah, that small amount of oil burned for eight days — lengthy sufficient for the temple clergymen to supply sufficient contemporary oil to mild the menorah anew every day. To commemorate the vacation, Jewish folks mild eight-branched menorahs over Hanukkah’s eight nights.
The invention of the fort provides a window into the battles and victories of the Maccabee rebels 1000’s of years in the past, offering proof of the standard Hanukkah tales and serving to to deliver them to life, Hili Tropper, the Israeli Minister of Tradition and Sports activities, stated in the assertion.
After excavation on the website is accomplished, the fortress might be conserved after which opened for visits by most of the people, the IAA stated.
Initially printed on Reside Science.
Evidence of Hanukkah’s Maccabee rebellion unearthed in Israel Source link Evidence of Hanukkah’s Maccabee rebellion unearthed in Israel