Freedom of the seas is a permanent curiosity of all nations and is important to world peace and prosperity. The worldwide neighborhood has lengthy benefited from the rules-based maritime order, the place worldwide legislation, as mirrored within the UN Regulation of the Sea Conference, units out the authorized framework for all actions within the oceans and seas. This physique of worldwide legislation types the idea for nationwide, regional, and world motion and cooperation within the maritime sector and is important to making sure the free stream of worldwide commerce.
Nowhere is the rules-based maritime order underneath higher risk than within the South China Sea. The Folks’s Republic of China (PRC) continues to coerce and intimidate Southeast Asian coastal states, threatening freedom of navigation on this crucial world throughway.
5 years in the past, an Arbitral Tribunal constituted underneath the 1982 Regulation of the Sea Conference delivered a unanimous and enduring determination firmly rejecting the PRC’s expansive South China Sea maritime claims as having no foundation in worldwide legislation. The Tribunal said that the PRC has no lawful declare to the realm decided by the Arbitral Tribunal to be a part of the Philippines’ unique financial zone and continental shelf. The PRC and the Philippines, pursuant to their treaty obligations underneath the Regulation of the Sea Conference, are legally sure to adjust to this determination.
America reaffirms its July 13, 2020 coverage concerning maritime claims within the South China Sea. We additionally reaffirm that an armed assault on Philippine armed forces, public vessels, or plane within the South China Sea would invoke U.S. mutual protection commitments underneath Article IV of the 1951 U.S.-Philippines Mutual Protection Treaty.
We name on the PRC to abide by its obligations underneath worldwide legislation, stop its provocative habits, and take steps to reassure the worldwide neighborhood that it’s dedicated to the rules-based maritime order that respects the rights of all international locations, huge and small.