Rampant speculative activity poses capital loss risk to retail investors


Each bull run has its side-effect and the newest one was no exception to this phenomenon. The unprecedented rally within the stock market could have introduced cheers to the investing group. Nevertheless, it has additionally raised considerations a few potential threat, notably to retail members, arising out of unwarranted exuberance in illiquid, penny shares which have been scaling dizzying heights on the bourses. Many such shares have emerged as multi-baggers regardless of poor credentials.

This pattern is akin to the frenzy witnessed in the course of the dotcom increase of 2000, which noticed many dud firms within the sector rally to abnormally excessive ranges on speculative exercise. A decade later shares of mining, buying and selling or export firms had been focused by the operators. Many small traders had been lured to spend money on a lot of penny shares solely to seek out their hard-earned cash taken away by good operators, many a time appearing in connivance with the unscrupulous promoters.

The present increase section, it seems, isn’t any exception to the victimising tendency prevalent amongst small gullible traders. There are indications that they might have been chasing penny shares of basically weak firms, thereby risking their funding.

An evaluation of the buying and selling sample within the present market reveals share costs of many lesser-known or unknown firms have spurted to unprecedented ranges though their fundamentals hardly encourage any confidence. Many such examples determine on the listing of the shares which have constantly been hitting 52-week highs on BSE. The irregular positive factors, nonetheless, have prompted the alternate to maintain a few of them beneath surveillance, signalling warning to traders.

It’s crucial to say right here that not one of the firms lined on this article have to date been subjected to any main regulatory investigation in any way for the buying and selling patterns seen of their shares. The sharp positive factors may have been the end result of regular buying and selling follow with no risk of any foul play by the entities associated or unrelated to the respective firms. Some prospects reminiscent of restructuring of operations, capital discount, change in administration, turnaround hopes may have been the triggers behind the spurt in valuations.

Whereas these triggers could have their advantage, they hardly justify precariously excessive valuations in a number of the instances.

Main the pack of penny-turned-multi-bagger shares is one Adinath Textiles, which BSE classifies as a textiles firm. The inventory scaled a 52-week excessive of Rs 101.7 on September 29, 2021, translating right into a whooping 100 occasions returns over its 52-week low worth of Rs 1.24 hit on November 18, 2020. Now have a look at the corporate’s fundamentals. The figures are removed from spectacular; it has reported completely no gross sales for the final two consecutive monetary years and likewise for the June quarter of this 12 months. All that it may a boast of was a meagre different revenue and web revenue.

In response to the BSE information, Adinath Textiles posted a web revenue of Rs 32 lakh on different revenue of Rs 1.7 crore for FY 2020-21. This 12 months’s efficiency is nothing vital to write down house about, with the figures of Rs 23 lakh and Rs 54 lakh respectively for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. These figures hardly vouch for the multi-bagger standing of the inventory, which is presently quoting at a rare PE (worth/earnings ratio) of 134 occasions on the BSE. The BSE has categorised Adinath Textiles as ‘GSM:Stage 2’ firm, which is as per Sebi’s Graded Surveillance Measures (GSM) geared toward alerting traders to be further cautious whereas dealing in shares of the businesses beneath surveillance.

Bombay Wire Ropes is one other excessive PE firm with none gross sales to its credit score. Labeled as an iron and metal merchandise firm by BSE, its shares hit a 52-week excessive of Rs 70.90 on September 29, 2021, a staggering 36 occasions acquire in lower than 9 months from its 52-week low of Rs 1.98 recorded on January 8, 2021. Such large returns seem unrealistic given the poor fundamentals of the corporate. With PE a number of of 1,336 occasions, the present valuation seems an excessive amount of for too small an organization. Bombay Wire Ropes reported a web revenue of Rs 15 lakh on different revenue of Rs 45 lakh for FY 2020-21. It has an fairness capital of Rs 53 lakh of which 64 per cent is held by the promoters, in keeping with the BSE information. Bombay Wire Ropes can be categorized as “GST-Stage 2’ inventory.

Proseed India is one other instance of multi-bagger inventory the place the corporate has not reported any gross sales constantly for final many quarters. The IT software program merchandise firm, nonetheless, earned a web revenue of Rs 12.7 crore in the course of the 12 months ended March 31, 2021, which was on account of some extraordinary revenue as reported to BSE. The inventory hit the 5 per cent higher circuit restrict to scale a brand new 52-week excessive at Rs 103.35 on September 30, 2021, a staggering 382 occasions returns in lower than a 12 months. The corporate has undergone company insolvency course of beneath the Insolvency and Chapter Code as half which the NCLT permitted its decision plan lately. Accordingly, its fairness capital is lowered to Rs 31 lakh from Rs 9.61 crore. Proseed India is assessed as ‘IRP:Stage 2’ firm on the BSE web site.

These few firms characterize a big universe of penny-turned-multibagger shares which can be mushrooming amid extraordinarily constructive sentiment on the bourses. Funding in such shares may expose retail traders to the chance of shedding capital if they’re extremely manipulated. In actual fact, traders have already began bearing the brunt of their unwise choices as mirrored in share worth actions in previous couple of days of bearish market.

Adinath Textiles has been buying and selling at decrease circuit of 5 per cent with no consumers on the counter for final two consecutive days whereas buying and selling is restricted in Bombay Wire Ropes with impact from September 30, 2021 as a part of GSM motion, in keeping with the BSE web site.

Shares of basically weak firms are typically categorised as T and Z group on the BSE. The grouping is completed on sure qualitative and quantitative parameters. The T group consists of the shares settled on a trade-to-trade foundation as a surveillance measure whereas the Z group contains firms which have did not adjust to BSE itemizing necessities and necessary regulatory compliances. The T and Z group shares are subjected to strict surveillance measures.

Their intra-day motion is usually restricted to five per cent circuit filter, which is the utmost restrict inside which share worth can transfer upward or downward in a single day. Moreover, traders are required to take obligatory supply of the shares beneath the 5 per cent circuit filter and no intra-day squaring off positions is allowed.

This makes tough for small traders to exit when an operator in a extremely manipulative inventory goes on a promoting spree after the value spurts to a sure stage. The share worth retains hitting a decrease circuit constantly for a lot of days resulting from absence of consumers, inflicting large loss to the trapped traders.

There have been many instances the place the inventory exchanges have suspended buying and selling in penny-turned-multibagger shares for non-adherence to the principles and laws pertaining to insider buying and selling, necessary compliances referring to submitting of quarterly outcomes, audited accounts and shareholding sample, cost of itemizing charges and so on. The errant amongst such firms have proven an inclination to not oblige, ensuing within the indefinite suspension of buying and selling and lack of your complete capital for traders. This could act as a deterrent for potential traders in opposition to taking unsolicited calls within the present market.


(Vijay Gurav is a contract market author. Views are his personal.)



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